Introducing Western technologies in developing countries can have side effects and disadvantages that may outnumber their benefits. Western veterinary medicine is no exception. Drawbacks include: · Drugs are unavailable in rural areas or their supply is erratic. · Imported drugs are expensive. · Many stockraisers either underdose to save money, or overdose because they do not understand the instructions for use. These manuals aim to facilitate the use of ethnoveterinary medicine and enable project designers and field personnel to tap this valuable resource. They are a ready-to- use package on ethnoveterinary remedies and practices that can be implemented and recommended in villages.